The Blackboard Assessment tool contains several advanced question types. Review the list below:

• Calculated Forumla
• Calculated Numeric
• Either/Or
• File Response
• Fill in Multiple Blanks
• Hot Spot
• Jumbled Sentence
• Opinion scale/Likert
• Quiz Bowl

### Calculated Formula

A Calculated Formula question contains a formula, the variables of which can be set to change for each user. The variable range is created by specifying a minimum value and a maximum value for each variable. Answer sets are randomly generated. The correct answer can be a specific value or a range of values. Partial credit may be granted for answers falling in a range.

Since this question allows the Instructor to randomize the value of variables in an equation it may be useful when creating math drills to when giving a test when Students are seated close together.

The question is the information presented to students. The formula is the mathematical expression used to find the answer. Be sure to enclose variables in square brackets.

1. Open the Test Canvas for a test.

2. Select Calculated Formula from the Create Question drop-menu.

3. Enter the information that will display to students in the question text box. Surround any variables with square brackets, for example, [x]. The value for this variable will be populated based on the formula. In the Example [x] + [y] = z, [x] and [y] will be replaced by values when shown to students. Students would be asked to define z. Variables should be composed of alphabets, digits (0-9), periods, underscores, or hypens. All other occurrences of the opening rectangular brace ("[") character should be preceded by the back-slash ("\") character. Variable names must be unique and cannot be reused.

4. Define the formula used to answer the question in the Formula box. For example, x+y=z. Operations are chosen from the buttons across the top of the formula box.

5. Assign a point value for the question.

6. Define the correct answer range, plus or minus a numeric or a percentage variation from the exact answer. If the correct answer must be exact, the range should be 0. If partial credit is allowed, define the broader range for partial credit and the percentage of the total points that will be given if the answer is within the partial credit range. Units can be required as part of the answer, and optionally a percentage of the total points can be deducted from the points given if the units are incorrect.

The checkboxes for Partial Credit and Units Required must be selected for options to fully expand.

7. Click Continue to define the variables to be used in the formula.

• For each variable included in the question text set a minimum and maximum value.
• In the Decimal Places column, use the drop-menu to define the decimal place for variables.
• Under Answer Set Options, select the decimal places for the answer from the drop-menu. Users must provide the correct answer to the decimal place specified.
• Next enter the number of Answer sets you wish to include. The answer sets will be randomized so that each student will be presented with a different set of variables.
• Click Calculate to review the answer sets. Click the Remove button to remove unwanted number sets.

8. Click Submit to add the question to the test or pool.

### Calculated Numeric

This question resembles a fill-in-the-blank question. The user enters a number to complete a statement. The correct answer can be a specific number or within a range of numbers. Please note that the answer must be numeric, not alphanumeric. For example, in a Geography class the Instructor may ask for the estimated population of a specific city.

1. Open the Test Canvas for a test.

2. Select Calculated Numeric from the Create Question drop-menu.

3. Enter the Question Text.

4. Enter a Correct Answer. This value must be a number.

5. Enter the Answer Range. If the answer must be exact, leave the default of zero. Any value that is less than or more than the correct answer by less than the answer range will be marked as correct. This question type does not allow for partial credit.

6. Specify feedback, categories, or keywords, as needed.

7. Click Submit to add the question to the test canvas.

### Either/Or

Either/Or questions show two answer options, such as True/False or Yes/No. There is no partial credit option for Either/Or questions. For clarity, make sure the question is phrased to match the selected answer labels.

1. Select Either/Or from the question type drop-menu.

2. Enter the Question Text and Point Value.

3. Determine whether answer options are listed side-by-side (horizontal) or one on top of the other (vertical).

4. Using the Answer Choices drop-menu, select the pre-defined choice set you wish to use as answers.

6. Add feedback, categories, or keywords, as needed.

7. Click the Submit button to add the question to the test canvas.

### File Response

Users upload a file from the local drive or from the Content Collection as the answer to the question. This type of question is graded manually. This question type is a good option if the Instructor would like Students to work on something before a test and submit it with a test, or if the response to the questions is expected to take a long time to read.

1. Select File Response from the question type drop-menu.

2. Enter the question text and assign a point value.

3. Assign category and keyword options, as needed.

4. Click the Submit button to add the question to the test canvas.

### Fill in Multiple Blanks

This question type builds on fill-in-the-blank questions with multiple fill in the blank responses that can be inserted into a sentence or paragraph. Separate sets of answers are defined for each blank. This question type may be used if there are multiple variables, such as "What color is the Italian flag?" This question type is also useful in foreign language classes. In this case the identifier and adjective may be left blank in a sentence, so as not to give away the gender of an object.

1. Select Fill in Multiple Blanks from the question type drop-menu.

2. Enter the question text. Include up to 10 variables in square brackets, corresponding to locations in the text where the fill in the blank fields should appear. Variables must be unique and cannot be reused. For example, "William [a] wrote Romeo and [b]."

3. Assign a point value and partial credit options, as needed.

3. Click Next to assign answer choices.

4. Assign the number of possible choices and answer choices for each variable. Students must type in one of the given answer choices exactly to receive credit.

5. Click Next to provide correct and incorrect response feedback. Once all options are set, click Submit to add the question to the test canvas.

### Hot Spot

Users indicate the answer by marking a specific point on an image. A range of pixel coordinates is used to define the correct answer. Hot Spot refers to the area of an image that, when selected, yields a correct answer. The following are some examples of uses for this type of question:

• Anatomy - to locate different parts of the body
• Geography - to locate areas on a map

1. Select Hot Spot on the question type drop-menu.

2. Enter the question text.

3. Click Browse for Local File to attach an image file.

4. Select the coordinates of the "hot spot" on the question image. To set the hot spot, click and drag the mouse over an area of the image. Release the mouse button when the hot spot is in the correct location. The white border will not be visible to students. Any clicks within this area will result in a correct response.

5. Enter feedback and assign categories and keywords, as needed. Click submit to add the question to the test canvas.

### Jumbled Sentence

Users are shown a sentence with a few parts of the sentence as variables. The user selects the proper answer for each variable from the drop-menus to assemble the sentence. Only one set of answers is used for all of the drop-menu lists included in the question. This type of question may be useful when teaching about proper grammatical order in a sentence, such as the location of a noun, verb, or adjective.

1. Assign the question text, including variables in square brackets corresponding to the locations in the text where the drop-menu lists of answers should appear. Variable names must be unique and cannot be reused. For example, [a], [b], [c], etc.

2. Assign a point value and partial credit options.

4. Click Next to designate the correct answer choices.

5. Set feedback and category options, as needed.

6. Click Submit to add the question to the test canvas.

### Opinion Scale/Likert Question

Most often used in Surveys, Opinion Scale or Likert Scale questions are designed to measure attitudes or reactions using a comparable scale. Users select a multiple choice answer that represents their attitude or reaction.

1. Select Opinion Scale/Likert on the question type list.

2. Enter the question text and point value.

3. Assign the number of answers, as well as answer choices. By default, answer choices are Strongly Agree, Agree, Neither Agree nor Disagree, Disagree, Strongly Disagree, and Not Applicable.

4. Set answer feedback and category options, as needed.

5. Click Submit to add the question to the test canvas.

### Quiz Bowl

Quiz Bowl questions are phrased as statements that require the answer to be in the form of a question. For example, the statement, "It is the only country that is a continent," requires the answer, "What is Australia?"

1. Select Quiz Bowl on the question type list.

2. Enter the question text in the form of a statement.

3. If desired, click the Allow Partial Credit box and enter a percentage of credit allowed for answers that include the correct phrase but do not include the correct interrogative word.

4. Select the Number of Interrogative Words. Enter each acceptable interrogative word in the fields below. One of these words must appear in the response for the student to receive full credit.

5. Select the Number of Answer Phrases. Enter each acceptable phrase into the fields below. One of these phrases must appear exactly in the response for the student to receive any credit.

6. Enter feedback and category options, as needed.

7. Click the Submit button to add the question to the test canvas.